Intimidating greek translation
) or mob rule is the rule of government by mob or a mass of people, or, the intimidation of legitimate authorities.
As a pejorative for majoritarianism, it is akin to the Latin phrase mobile vulgus meaning "the fickle crowd", from which the English term "mob" originally was derived in the 1680s.
It also may be used as an adjective (ochlocratic or ochlocratical).
The threat of "mob rule" to a democracy is restrained by ensuring that the rule of law protects minorities or individuals against short-term demagoguery or moral panic.
Although considering how laws in a democracy are established or repealed by the majority, the protection of minorities by rule of law is questionable.
Some authors, like Bosnian political theoretician Hasanović, connect the emergence of ochlocracy in democratic societies with the decadence of democracy in neoliberalism where "the democratic role of the people has been reduced mainly to the electoral process".
He uses it to name the "pathological" version of popular rule—in opposition to the good version, which he refers to as democracy.
There are numerous mentions of the word "ochlos" in the Talmud (where "ochlos" refers to anything from "mob", "populace", to "armed guard"), as well as in Rashi, a Jewish commentary on the Bible.
As a classicist, I would love to celebrate this contemporary outfit of classical civilization: after the papacy’s abandonment of Latin, medicine looks like the final frontier for ancient language.The Praetorians at length gave way, oppressed with numbers; and the tide of popular fury returned with redoubled violence against the gates of the palace, where Commodus lay dissolved in luxury, and alone unconscious of the civil war...Commodus started from his dream of pleasure and commanded that the head of Cleander should be thrown out to the people.The desired spectacle instantly appeased the tumult...This followed a previous incident in which the legions of Britain had demanded and received the death of Perennis, the prior administrator.
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They distinguished "good" and "bad" according to whether the government form would act in the interest of the whole community ("good") or in the exclusive interests of a group or individual at the expense of justice ("bad").