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Even though Turkey was a multi-ethnic and multi-faith state, The Surname Law sought to eradicate any personal markers that might differentiate a non-Turk from the greater Turkish state.This was to create a Turkey national identity for the multi-cultural society.Delman says the Afghans can choose whatever surname they like.In 1849, Governor Narciso Claveria decreed that Filipinos be assigned hereditary surnames.Delman claims modern-day Turks also have government-enforced surnames.He says in 1934 the Turkish government introduced the measure to help build a modern, westernized nation out of the ruins of the Ottoman Empire.
Delman said Claveria released a catalogue of names for families to be assigned a surname, which was enforced by the education system and local parish priests.
We take so much for granted in our own time and space. In this world of easy ancestry research, one would think that everyone has a last name and has had so for generations. It appears that last names could have come into being by governments of times past in an effort to control the populations, give order to the populations and identify them, much like an ID card would attempt to do so now.
It also appears that everyday Fred, Bill or Jo would confuse the ID issue to the point of anarchy.
There is a record of a John Barker being in East Maitland gaol with Henry C White in 1964 – may be a connection?
Sarah Beames/Gardiner Hi, I'm researching my ancestor Sarah Beames or Gardiner (nee Train or Trainer) who possibly lived in the Hargraves/Windeyer area from 1866-1873 when she died from snake bite (coroner William Mulholland JP of Windeyer). I can't find a death certificate for her but wonder if you have any local history records relating to the period such as newspapers, cemetery records, etc?